Achievements: First President of independent India; President of the Constituent Assembly; President of Congress in 1943 and 1939.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of independent India. He was the President of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution. He had also served as a Cabinet Minister briefly in the first Government of independent India. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was one of the foremost disciples of Gandhiji and he played a crucial role in Indian freedom struggle.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born on December 3, 1884 in Ziradei village in Siwan district of Bihar. His father's name was Mahadev Sahay and his mother's name was Kamleshwari Devi. Rajendra Prasad was youngest among his siblings. Mahadev Sahay was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was greatly attached to his mother and elder brother Mahendra.
At the age of five Rajendra Prasad was, according to the practice in the community to which he belonged, put under a Maulavi who taught him Persian. Later, he was taught Hindi and arithmetic. At the age of 12, Rajendra Prasad was married to Rajvanshi Devi.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a brilliant student. He stood first in the entrance examination to the University of Calcutta, and was awarded a monthly scholarship of Rs.30. He joined the famous Calcutta Presidency College in 1902. Here his teachers included the great scientist Jagdish Chandra Bose and the highly respected Prafulla Chandra Roy. Later on he switched from Science to Arts and completed his M.A. and Masters in Law. Meanwhile, in 1905, Doctor, Rajendra Prasad was initiated into the Swadeshi Movement by his elder brother Mahendra. He also joined the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, and Sister Nivedita.
The arrival of Mahatma Gandhi on the Indian national scene greatly influenced Dr. Rajendra Prasad. While Gandhiji was on a fact-finding mission in Champaran district of Bihar, he called on Rajendra Prasad to come to Champaran with volunteers. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was greatly impressed by the dedication, conviction and courage that Gandhiji displayed. Gandhiji's influence greatly altered Dr. Rajendra Prasad's outlook. He sought ways to simplify his life and reduced the number of servants he had to one. He started doing his daily chores such as sweeping the floor, washing the utensils-the tasks he had all along assumed others would do for him.
After coming into contact with Gandhiji, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, immersed himself fully into the freedom struggle. He played a active role during Non-Cooperation Movement. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was arrested in 1930 while participating in Salt Satyagraha. He was in jail when on 15 January 1934 a devastating earthquake struck Bihar. Rajendra Prasad was released from the jail two days later and he immediately set himself for the task of raising funds and organizing relief. The Viceroy also raised a fund for the purpose. However, while Rajendra Prasad's fund collected over Rs.3.8million, the Viceroy could only manage one-third of that amount. The way the relief was organized, it amply demonstrated the administrative acumen of Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Soon after this Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress. He was elected as Congress President again in 1939 in the following the resignation of Netaji Subash Chandra Bose.
In July 1946, when the Constituent Assembly was established to frame the Constitution of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected its President. Two and a half years after independence, on January 26, 1950, the Constitution of independent India was ratified and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as India's first President. As a President, he used his moderating influence silently and unobtrusively and set a healthy precedent for others to follow. During his tenure as President he visited many countries on missions of goodwill and sought to establish and nourish new relationships.
In 1962, after 12 years as President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad retired, and was subsequently awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation's highest civilian award. He spent the last few months of his life in retirement at the Sadaqat Ashram in Patna. Dr. Rajendra Prasad died on February 28, 1963.
Born as Akhtar Hussain Rizvi in a family of landlords of a small town of Uttar Pradesh, Kaifi Azmi was a very renowned Urdu poet of India. Though his father, Syed Fateh Hussain Rizvi was a landlord, he also worked as a Tehsildar in a small state in Uttar Pradesh. The life history of Kaifi Azmi is absolutely inspiring and a glimpse of Kaifi Azmi biography will truly give you an idea as to what genius people are made of.
Kaifi Azmi's father wanted to send him to a school that imparted English education. Despite his best efforts, he could not do so because he faced stiff opposition from the elders of the family. Others wanted him to become a theologian and Kaifi Azmi was sent to a very reputed institution of Lucknow that was called Sultan al Madaris. Kaifi Azmi was a radical thinker and this created many problems for the institution. He was instrumental in creating a Student's Union and asked every student to go on strikes to get their demands fulfilled. The College authorities were provoked and they expelled Kaifi Azmi out of the college.
Though he could not become a theologian, he got many degrees in different languages and mastered languages like Arabic, Urdu and Persian. He also passed various examinations from the university of Allahabad. Many great writers of Lucknow noticed him and they gave him constant encouragement and support. He started to rise up on the ladder of poetry and rapidly gained fame and recognition. He began from a very tender age of 11. His initiation into poetry has an interesting story behind it.
He managed to get himself invited to a Mushaira (poetry recital event) once. Over there, he recited a couplet, which was very much appreciated by everyone present there. When the news reached his father, he said that Kaifi must have recited his brother's ghazal. But when his brother denied it, people were very fascinated by this young protégé. With his poetry, he also joined the communist party during the Quit India movement for independence.
He left his comfortable life and worked in the textile mills of Kanpur. All this, at a young age of 24. He was required to shift to Bombay and work there for his party. At the same time, he was asked to attend Mushairas every now and then in different parts of the country. Once while attending a Mushaira in the city of Hyderabad, he met a beautiful woman named Shaukat. The two fell in love and married soon. Shaukat Kaifi went on to become a famous theater artist and also worked in films.
As a ghazal writer, Kaifi Azmi used a lot of romance and love in his poetry. But as he evolved into much more serious forms of writing, he started to write on the disturbances in the society and what the common man was going through. His poetry began to make people socially aware of their surroundings. He highlighted exploitation of the poor and generated much sympathy for the downtrodden section of the society. His poetry has a powerful and intense form of emotional compassion. His poems are famous for rich imagery and his contribution in the field of Urdu poetry is immense. He has won many awards and has also tried his hand at films and acting. He expired on May 10th 2002, after a series of cardiac problems.
Amitabh Bachchan has been such a big name in Indian Cinema, that no matter how much you read about Amitabh Bachchan movies, Amitabh Bachchan films, Amitabh Bachchan filmography and other such things about Amitabh Bachchan, Amitabh Bachchan profile can never be described fully. Apart from Amitabh Bachchan films and Amitabh Bachchan movies (i.e. Amitabh Bachchan filmography), his political career, his TV career, his role as a producer in Amitabh Bachchan Corporation Limited (A.B.C.L.) and a playback singer can also be included in Amitabh Bachchan profile.
Brief details about Amitabh Bachchan biography:
Born October 11, 1942
Other Names Big B, Shehanshah
Occupation Film Actor, Producer, Playback Singer, Television Presenter
Years Active 1969 - Present
Spouse Jaya Bhaduri
Children Shweta Bachchan, Abhishek Bachchan
Height 6 Feet 3 Inches
Some of the blockbuster Amitabh Bachchan movies were Zanjeer, Sholay, Deewar, Yaarana, Trishool, Kabhi Kabhi, Amar Akbar Anthony, Don, Muqadar Ka Sikandar, Shehenshah, Coolie, Agneepath, Khuda Gawaah, Bade Miyan Chhote Miyan, Baghban, Mohabbatein, Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gham, Bunty Aur Babli, Black, Sarkar and many more. Other notable Amitabh Bachchan films include Silisila, Kaala Paththar, Cheeni Kam, Anand, Satte Pe Satta, Chupke Chupke, Namak Haraam, Namak Halaal, Majboor, Mili, Naastik, Kasme Vaade, Dostana, Shaan and Laawaris. If you include other Amitabh Bachchan movies, Amitabh Bachchan filmography would cross 50 films mark.
Besides, Amitabh Bachchan films, Amitabh Bachchan profile would include his career as a politician, singer, television presenter, film producer and many more roles in his life. Amitabh Bachchan biography can be extended to:
Politics: 1984-1987 (contested election from Allahabad for Lok Sabha Seat and won by a record margin. His victory margin of 68.2 % is still the highest victory margin in general elections.)
Producer: 1996-1999 (As a producer, A.B.C.L. produced Tere Mere Sapne, which marked the acting career debut for Arshad Warsi and South Star Simran, 1996 Miss World Pageant, Mritydaat)
Television Presenter: 2000-2005 (Hosted game show Kaun Banega Crorepati – Season 1 and Season 2. Also hosted Junior KBC)
Playback Singer: Sang in many Hindi movies like The Great Gambler, Mr. Natwarlal, Laawaris, Naseeb, Silisila, Mahaan, Pukar, Sharaabi, Toofan, Jaadugar, Khuda Gawah, Major Saab, Sooryavansham, Aks, Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham, Aankhen, Armaan, Baghban,Dev, Aitbaar, Baabul, Nishabd, Cheeni Kum, and Bhoothnath.
Amitabh Bachchan biography is an impressive biography, whether you talk about Amitabh Bachchan films, Amitabh Bachchan movies or the whole Amitabh Bachchan filmography, Amitabh Bachchan profile is one of the most varied and all-round profile you could ever imagine or actually find out.
Shabana Azmi is a famous Indian film actress married to Javed Akhtar. She is a social activist and has also recieved five National Film Awards for Best Actress.
Shabana was born on the 18th September 1950 in New Delhi. Her father Kaifi Azmi was a poet, and mother Shaukat is a stage actress. She did her graduation from St. Xavier’s College and received a degree in Psychology. She then took up a course in acting at Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune. She decided to join this institute as she was very influenced after watching Jaya Bhaduri in Suman.
Since childhood Shabana respected social and cultural values and was very passionate about intellectual growth.
Azmi was linked to director Shekhar Kapur but then married lyricist Javed Akhtar on 9 December 1984. Her nieces are actress Farah and Tabu.
Shabana Azmi graduated in 1979 and then she signed movies like Faasla by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas' and also Parinay by Kanti Lal Rathod but her first release was Shyam Benegal's Ankur. This film brought her a National Film Award for Best Actress. She also recieved awards for her films Arth, Khandhar and Paar(1983 to 1985) and in 1999 for her performance in Godmother.
Shabana has always showed the viewers something different in all her movies. She had put on weight and chewed beetel nuts for her film Mandi and Jamini in Khandhar and was seen as a normal house wife in Masoom. She also acted in Deepa Mehta's Fire. There was a lot of controversy as the movie talked about Lesbianism which was not acceptable by the Indian Authorities. But at 32nd Chicago Film Festival she recieved the Silver Hugo Award for Best Actress and Jury Award for Best Actress at Outfest, Los Angeles.
She has done more than 100 Hindi movies and is also seen in a lot of foreign films like Nicholas Klotz’s Bengali Night, Channel 4’s Immaculate Conception, Blake Edwards' Son of the Pink Panther, Roland Joffe’s City of Joy and Ismail Merchant’s In Custody. Some of her films got noticed by Norwegian Film Institute, Smithsonian Institution, and also American Film Institute.
Some of the most famous films include Saeed Mirza’s Albert Pinto Ko Gussa Kyon Aata Hai, Sai Paranjpye’s Sparsh, Shyam Benegal's Nishant (1975), Junoon (1978), Susman (1986), Antarnaad (1992), Satyajit Ray’s Shatranj Ke Khiladi, Mrinal Sen’s Khandhar, Genesis, Ek Din Achanak, Sati, Disha, Gautam Ghose’s Paar and Aparna Sen’s Picnic. She also took part in a small screen opera, Anupama.
Shabana is also a social activist and has fought against injustice and AIDS.
Shatrughan Sinha was born on July 15, 1946 in Patna, Bihar. He is a graduate from the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune.
He is married to Poonam and the couple have twin sons, Luv Sinha and Kussh Sinha. The model-actress, Sonakshi Sinha, is their daughter.
DID YOU KNOW ?
South Indian actors Rajinikanth and Ambarish are his best friends.
Rediff announced him as one of Hindi cinema's most unconventional actor along with other stars like Ajay Devgan, Amitabh Bachchan, Irfan Khan, Rajnikant, Shahrukh Khan, and Sunil Shetty.
He co-judged The Great Indian Laughter Challenge with Navjot Singh Sidhu.
Shatru appeared with actress Hema Malini in one of the episodes of Salman Khan's Dus Ka Dum Season 2 which was aired on Sony TV.
Shatrughan Sinha is also known as Shotgun and his production house is knowns as Shotgun Films.
In 1969, Shatrughan Sinha started his film career with Sajan, it was followed by various other films like Ek Nanhi Munni Ladki Thi (1970), Holi Ayee Re (1970), Khilona (1970), Raaton Ka Raja (1970), Nayeem Builder (1970) and more. The actor was highly appreciated for the negative roles played by him in various supehit films. The most unforgettable one was in Manmohan Desai's Raampur Ka Lakshman which starred Randhir Kapoor and Rekha.
The actor successfully played the main lead role in various superhit films starting with Kalicharan by Subhash Ghai. Shatru also acted in the Punjabi films, Putt Jattan De & Sat Sri Akal. Along with acting he tried his hands in singing for films like Kashmakash, Dost, and Do Naari.
He recently portrayed Chief Minister N.T. Rama Rao in Ram Gopal Varma's Rakha Charitra. For the first time in his career he has shaved off his moustache for this role. For films like Paras (1971), Dost (1974), and Kaala Pathar (1979) he earned the Filmfare Nomination as Best Supporting Actor.
SHATRU AND POLITICS
Politician Jai Prakash Narayan motivated Shatru to step in to politics. He joined the Bharatiya Janata Party. Shatru faced a lot of difficulties while doing social work in Bihar. His attemps to raise funds were stopped.
He became the Cabinet Minister and was the first film personality to do so. Later in 2006 he was declared as the head of BJP Culture and Arts Department. In 2009 he defeated Mr.Sahu of RJD in the Indian General Election from Patna Saheb.